How Does a Thermocouple Work?

A thermocouple is a device, which senses temperature by using two different metals joined at one end. This article will tell you more about the functioning, types, and uses of this device.

Thermocouples are largely used in the fields of science and electronics as a temperature sensor, which are quite easy to handle and use. The functioning is based on the Seebeck effect, common in case of electrical conductors, that experiences a temperature gradient along their length. These sensors are simple, rugged, do not need batteries, and have the ability to measure very wide temperature ranges. They consist of two different metals, joined together at one end. Whenever the junction of the two metals is heated or cooled, a voltage can be obtained, that is proportional and can be correlated to the temperature, that was given when the sensor was heated. Thermocouple alloys are usually available as a wire. They are quite cheap, but their main drawback is their accuracy.

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